Top 100+ Facts About The Federal Republic of Nigeria

Nigeria is a blessed country, it has a total land area of 923,770 square kilometres, this makes it a considerably large country. Located in the heart of West Africa, this pride of the continent is bounded on the North by Niger Republic, on the West by Republic of Benin, and on the East by the Republic of Cameroon.


This article seeks to point out certain interesting facts about our dearly beloved country, kindly read along.

Nigeria’s Population according to the 2014 estimate stands at 175 million. The Density of Nigeria is 188.9 persons/square kilometres. The Federal Capital of the country since December 12, 1991 is Abuja. The country’s lingua franca is English and her three major languages are Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa. 

The Largest state in the country is Niger State and the Smallest State in the country according to landmass is Lagos State. The country’s Largest City is Lagos (Lagos Metropolitan Area) and it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. 

Lagos State is the most populous State in Nigeria. The country’s currency is the Naira (1 Naira = 100 kobo). Nigeria operates the Federal system of Government. Her Longest river is the River Niger – 4180km (1175 km within Nigeria).

Nigeria gained Independence from Great Britain on October 1, 1960 and her climate is tropical. The country’s political division stands at six geo-political zones and thirty-six states. 


Other interesting facts about Nigeria are contained in the information below.

Top 100 Interesting Facts about Nigeria

1. Nigeria is officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria

2. Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world with over 170 million people

3. The country is also the 7th most populous nation in the world.

4. There are 521+ languages in Nigeria

5. The first foreigners to explore the area that would later be known as Nigeria were the Portuguese in 1472.

6. The richest man in Africa is a Nigerian. His name is Aliko Dangote, the founder of the Dangote Group.

7. The richest woman in Africa is a Nigerian. Her name is Mrs. Folorunso Alakija

8. The Yoruba tribe of Nigeria has the highest rate of twinning in the world

9. Nigeria was colonized by the British

10. Nigeria was formed when Frederick Lugard became Governor of the region.

11. The Nigerian Naira was introduced in 1959

12. The Cocoa House in Ibadan was once the tallest building in Africa. It was built in 1965

13. The Northern Part of Nigeria is four times the size of the south with a land mass of 719000 sq. km

14. In terms of size, Nigeria is the 10th largest in Sub-Saharan Africa

15. 70% of the Nigerian population are involved in Agriculture

16. The urban population of Nigeria is 18.1% of the total population

17. Nigeria has more muslims than the Saudi Arabia due to population size

18. The largest annual Christian gathering in Africa is hosted by the Redeemed Christian Church of God and it is called the Holy Ghost Convention.

19. Nigerian immigrants in the U.S are one of the most educated

20. In 1984, you didn’t need a visa to travel to the United Kingdom as a Nigerian

21. At some point in the country’s history, the North was the most literate part of Nigeria with over 25 000 Quranic Schools and over 250,000 pupils

22. The largest river in West Africa is the River Niger with a span of 4180km.

23. The Niger-Delta is the second largest delta in the world

24. Taraba State speaks more languages than at least 30 countries in the world

25. Nigeria is a member of the British Commonwealth and the African Union

26. The National Youth Service Corps began in 1973

27. The Nigerian National Flag was designed in 1959 by Taiwo Akinkunmi

28. Based on archaelogical discoveries, the Nok Culture/Civilization which is around 500 to 2000BC is the earliest known civilization in Nigeria.

29. The Nigerian Movie Industry also known as Nollywood is the second largest producer of movies in the world after the American Hollywood.

30. About 200 Nollywood Movies are produced every single week

31. The Igbos found in the South Eastern part are the most industrious of the tribes in the country

32. The Igbos make up 18% of the ethnic groups in Nigeria

33. The Hausa-Fulanis make up 29% while the Yoruba make up to 21%

34. Cross River State in Nigeria has the largest diversity of butterflies in the world

35. The state with the highest number of universities in Nigeria is Ogun State with a total of 9 registered universities.

36. There are 152 accredited universities in Nigeria

37. The Third Mainland Bridge was the longest bridge in Nigeria until 1996 when the October 6 Bridge was built in Cairo, Egypt.

38. Nigeria has over 500 ethnic groups.

39. The most prominent ethnic groups are the Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa.

40. Nigeria gained independence from Great Britain on October 1, 1960.

41. Nigeria became a republic on October 1, 1963.

42. In 1976, 75 kobo exchanged to one British pound and 60 kobo to one US dollar.

43. The first building in Nigeria was built in Badagry in 1845

44. The total number of languages in Nigeria comprises 7% of the total languages in the world.

45. The walls of Benin are the longest ancient works in the world enclosing 500 communities at a distance of 6500

46. The oldest known boat in Nigeria called the Dufuna boat was discovered in 1987

47. The indigobird is unique to only the Jos Plateau. It is found no where else in the world.

48. The anambra waxbill bird is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else in the world.

49. Ile-Ife in Osun State was paved as early as 1000 AD. It is believed to be the cradle of the Yoruba race.

50. There are over 4715 different plant species in Nigeria.

51. Nigeria has the 10th largest crude oil reserve in the world

52. The first and only Nigerian Nobel Laureate is Professor Wole Soyinka

53. Agbani Darego, a Nigerian was the first African ever to win the Miss World Beauty Pageant.

54. Nigeria was the first African country to win the Gold medal in the Olympics Football Event.

55. Nigeria took its first loan from the World Bank in 1977

56. Nigeria is currently the largest economy in Africa

57. The name Nigeria is derived from West Africa’s longest river, River Niger.

58. Nigeria is said to have the highest paid legislators in the world.

59. Nigerians are football lovers and the Nigerian Football team is called the Super Eagles.

60. In 1851, Kano made 10 million sandal pairs and 5 million hides for export every year.

61. The 13000 year old Iwo-Eleru cave skull is the oldest human fossil archive in West Africa and has been said to have over 140,000-year old features.

62. Nigerians are believed to be the happiest people in the world.

63. With the current presidential system, Nigeria has had 7 years of Northern rule and 11 years of Southern rule.

64. General Yakubu Gowon split Nigeria into 12 states in 1967.

65. Nigeria has one of the highest number of coups in Africa with 6 coups

66. The civil war in Nigeria broke out between July 1967 to January 1970

67. The war was preceded by a coup in 1966

68. The oldest water works in Africa is found in Nigeria

69. Nigeria is the fifth fastest growing internet population in Africa

70. The first black African to win gold at the Commonwealth games was Emmanuel Ifeajuna

71. Nigeria has over 1 million applicants to University every year.

72. Nigeria is home to the single largest monument in Africa (Sungbo’s Eredo), which is also the largest city of the medieval world.

73. The Southern and Northern Nigerian Protectorates were amalgamated in 1914

74. Nigeria is referred to as the Giant of Africa due to their population and economy

75. Nigeria is located in the Western part of Africa with a total area of 923,768 square kilometres

76. Nigeria is the 32nd largest country in the world

77. The main rivers in Nigeria are the river Niger and river Benue

78. The 2 major rivers meet at Lokoja and they empty into the Atlantic Ocean the Niger-Delta

79. The highest point in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi at 7936 ft

80. There are 36 states in Nigeria with one Federal Capital Territory

81. There are eight cities with a population of over 1 million people

82. Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria and Africa

83. Lagos state has a population of over 15 million people

84. Nigeria now has her own indeginous car maker, Innoson Motors located in Nnewi, Anambra State.

85. The country is the 8th largest exporter of crude oil in the world

86. Petroleum provides 80% of government earning

87. One in four Africans is a Nigerian

88. The official language of Nigeria is English due to the colonization by the British.

89. Nigeria holds the record for the most under-17 FIFA world cups (5)

90. The current capital of Nigeria is Abuja

91. The capital became the Federal Capital Territory in December 12, 1991

92. The current president of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari

93. Lagos is the most industrialized state in the country

94. Nigeria shares border with four other African countries: Chad, Niger, Benin, Cameroon

95. The major system of transportation in the country is the road transportation system.

96. The Pidgin English is the informal Lingua Franca in the country

97. The life expectancy in Nigeria is about 52.62 years

98. Nigeria was the first African country to eradicate the Ebola threat in 2015

99. 68% of the Nigerian populace are literate

100. Transparency International ranks Nigeria has the 136th least corrupt out of 176 countries on its list.

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The Author

Jide Adeyoye Franklin

Jide is a prolific writer, researcher and a certified author on Nigerian Infopedia. He is a very experienced tech personality with knowledge in SEO and current trends online.

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