The Nigeria coat-of-arms was officially adopted in 1975. It represents the country’s symbol of national unity, state power. It was created together with the National Flag and was approved by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II on 7 December 1971.It was designed by a Bahamian artist and clergyman, Rev. Dr. Hervis L. Bain, Jr.
Features Of The Nigeria Coat-Of-Arms
The Nigeria coat-of-arms has seven permanent features, symbolizing a particular entity or virtue about Nigeria:
- A black shield
- Two white wavy bands on the shield, which form the letter “Y”
- Two horses on either side of the shield
- Some flowers at the base
- An eagle standing on the shield
- The wreath (with green and white bands) upon which the eagles stands
- The nation’s motto on the band around the base of the shield
The black shield represents the fertile soil in Nigeria.
The white wavy bands that form a letter “Y” represent rivers Niger and Benue, the country’s main inland waterways.
The two horses or chargers at either side of the shield represent the dignity of Nigeria.
The yellow flowers at the base is the Coctus spectabilis, a specie of flower that grows in all parts of Nigeria.
The eagle represents the strength of Nigeria while the green and white wreath on which the eagle stands represents the rich agricultural produce of Nigeria.
Written on the band around the base is the national motto, “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”, this motto was adopted in 1978. Before that time, the country’s motto was “Peace, Unity, and Freedom”.
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