Top 10 Richest Provinces in Canada (2024)

When it comes to the richest provinces in Canada, there’s more to it than just the overall wealth of the country. Some provinces enjoy a higher quality of life than others due to the rate of development of their economies, and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a key indicator of this. In this article, we will be exploring the top 10 richest provinces in Canada based on their GDP. From the bustling city of Vancouver in British Columbia to the diverse economy of Ontario, we’ll take a closer look at what makes these provinces thrive economically. So, let’s dive in and discover the wealth of Canada’s provinces!

richest provinces in canada



Canada, as a whole, is known for its wealth and high standard of living. However, when it comes to individual provinces, some stand out for their economic prosperity and development. In this article, we will explore the top 10 richest provinces in Canada based on their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2024.


British Columbia, or BC, is located in the western part of Canada. It is a diverse province known for its stunning natural landscapes and thriving economy. With a population of approximately 5.1 million people, BC is the third most populous province in the country.

The province’s economy is driven by various sectors, with the service industry being the largest contributor to its GDP. BC benefits from its strategic location, with access to the Pacific Ocean and the terminus of two transcontinental railways, which greatly facilitates the transportation industry. Additionally, agriculture, tourism, logging, farming, and mining play significant roles in the province’s economy.


Alberta stands as the second richest province in Canada, known for its booming petroleum industry. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 people, Alberta is the fourth most populous province in the country.

The province’s economy heavily relies on the petroleum sector, which was once one of the strongest in the world. Alberta’s vast oil reserves contribute to its economic prosperity. In addition to petroleum, agriculture, particularly cattle ranching, is a significant industry in the province. Alberta boasts over three million head of cattle, and its beef has a global appeal.


Saskatchewan, located in the western part of Canada, is the only province without a natural border. It covers a significant land area of approximately 651,900 square kilometers and is known for its well-watered land, with rivers, reservoirs, and lakes forming nearly 10% of its land area.

Agriculture plays a vital role in Saskatchewan’s economy, with wheat symbolizing the province’s flag. The province is also involved in forestry, fishing, and hunting sectors. Beef cattle production is essential in Saskatchewan, second only to Alberta. Additionally, mining and oil extraction activities contribute to the province’s wealth.


Manitoba, situated in the center of Canada, is the fourth wealthiest province in terms of GDP. With an estimated population of 1.370 million people, it is the country’s fifth most populous province.

Manitoba boasts a diverse and moderately balanced economy. The province’s economy thrives on various industries, including agriculture, tourism, electricity, oil, mining, and forestry. Its landscape varies, spanning from dry and cold areas to forests and urban environments.


Ontario, located in Central Canada, is the most populous province in Canada, making it a significant contributor to the country’s economy. The province is geographically diverse, with thriving industries and a balanced economy.

Manufacturing plays a central role in Ontario’s economy, with the province accounting for 52% of the total national manufacturing shipments in 2004. Other sectors that drive its economy include mining, forest product production (such as pulp and paper), and various services.


Quebec is one of the richest provinces in Canada, sharing borders with many states in the United States and provinces within Canada. Quebec’s economy is well balanced and diversified, with a focus on the services sector.

Retail commerce is a significant contributor to Quebec’s economy, along with financial services, insurance, transportation, education, and more. The province’s location allows for extensive trade and commerce activities, contributing to its wealth and economic stability.


New Brunswick, located on the east coast of Canada, is the only bilingual province in the country, with both English-speaking and French-speaking citizens. The province’s economy is diversified, with a strong presence in manufacturing and services industries.

The Irving Group of Companies, which holds significant holdings in various sectors such as agriculture, forestry, food processing, freight transport, media, oil, and shipbuilding, plays a crucial role in New Brunswick’s economy. Manufacturing is a strong sector in the province, supporting its economic growth.


Prince Edward Island (PEI) may be the smallest province in both land area and population, but it has a thriving economy. Agriculture, tourism, and fisheries dominate the province’s economy, with some manufacturing in the form of food processing.

Potatoes are a major crop in PEI, and the province’s agriculture sector contributes significantly to its economic prosperity. The island’s picturesque landscapes and tourist attractions also drive its tourism industry.


Nova Scotia, surrounded by water and often referred to as a maritime province, is home to a population of approximately 923,598 people. The province’s economy is boosted by industries such as logging, lobster export (being the world’s largest exporter), and various natural resources.

Forests cover a significant portion of Nova Scotia’s landscape, making logging a vital industry. Additionally, the province exports gypsum, wild berries, and fish, generating over one billion dollars annually.


Newfoundland and Labrador, situated on the easternmost part of Canada, completes our list of the top 10 richest provinces in Canada. While the fishing industry once buoyed the province’s economy, it has transitioned to service industries such as financial services, healthcare, and public administration.

Mining and oil production also contribute to Newfoundland and Labrador’s GDP. The province’s wealth stems from its abundant natural resources, including gold, copper, and oil. Despite challenges faced by the fishing industry, the province remains a prominent player in Canada’s economic landscape.


Canada’s provinces exhibit varying degrees of wealth and economic development. The top 10 richest Canadian provinces listed above showcase their robust industries, natural resources, and diverse economies. As these provinces continue to thrive and attract citizens, their contributions to Canada’s overall economic growth remain crucial.

Mfonobong Daniel

Daniel is an Editor on Nigerian Infopedia who craves for writing, researching and also watching soccer.

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