This post outlines Nigeria Police ranking system, i.e Ranks in the Nigeria Police Force and also the various departments in the police.
The Nigerian Police official duty is to protect and safeguard the lives and property of Nigerians, ensuring that law and order is maintained in the society. It is also their job to arrest law breakers and execute with integrity and without bias the law. These they do in cognizance with the three arms of government in Nigeria.
Also note that the Police in Nigeria is under the executive arm of government and salaries are paid according to ranks. To start a career in the Nigerian Police as a policeman or police woman, you have to be aware of the ranks in the Nigerian police and various departments and units.
Below are the different ranks that exists in the Nigeria Police, from the highest rank to the lowest rank of the NPF.
Ranking System of the Nigeria Police
1. Inspector General of Police (IGP)- highest rank in the Nigeria Police
2. Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)- second in Command of the Nigeria Police.
3. Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIG)
4. Commissioner of Police (CP) in charge of the police in the state level according to Section 5 of the Police Act. Reports directly to the Inspector General of Police.
5. Deputy Commissioner Of Police (DCP)
6. Assistant Commissioner Of Police (ACP)
7. Chief Superintendent Of Police (CSP)
8. Superintendent Of Police (SP)
9. Deputy Superintendent Of Police (DSP)
10. Assistant Superintendent Of Police (ASP)
11. Cadet Superintendent Of Police.
13. Sergeant (the lowest rank in the Nigerian Police)
Administrative Structure of the Nigerian Police and Functions
The administrative structure of the Nigeria police is divided into seven departments with special functions and duties. The departments are from A to G.
Below is the functions of the Administrative department of the Nigerian police.
- A Department: serves as the administrative unit of the force, coordinates and supervises the remaining departments that exists in the Nigeria Police.
- B Department: monitores internal security activities and operations all over the nation.
- C Department: deals on logistics and supply of equipment used in the operations of the Nigerian Police. Uniforms, weapons, guns, batons, e.t.c.
- D Department: deals with matters related to criminal investigation and intelligence, homicide, forensic matters and records, narcotics e.t.c.
- E Department: This is the training unit of the Nigerian Police. Training like coupling of weapons (guns and ammunitions), equipment training, field training, riot quelling e.t.c.
- F Department: deals with information management and planning. They are the Inspectorate Division of the NPF.
- G Department: ICT department of the Nigeria police that deals with all computer related matters and policies.
Chain of Command in the Nigerian Police
The Nigeria Police has a well organised chain of command. With different stations situated around the country, the policies and programms of the Inspection General of Police on effective policing is sure to reach the grassroot. The office of the IGP is situated in Abuja, Force Headquaters, Louis Eden House.
There are also 6 zonal headquarters of the Nigerian police located in each geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Although, each state of the federation have their own State Command Headquarters controlled by the Commissioner of Police, their is also the presence of the Area Command Headquarters that oversees the activities of the Divisional Police Headquarters who in turn supervises the smaller Police stations in the country.
Finally, there is also a small unit of the police station in Nigeria called the Police Post or the Village police post. They are mostly found in the rural areas and villages.