Top 10 Most Popular Dog Breeds in Canada (2024)
Dogs have been cherished companions to Canadians for centuries, offering unwavering loyalty, boundless affection, and unending joy. In 2023, the popularity of various dog breeds in Canada continues to evolve, reflecting changing preferences, lifestyles, and societal trends. From active outdoor enthusiasts to city-dwellers seeking companionship, the choice of dog breed can vary greatly. In this article, we’ll explore the top 10 most popular dog breeds in Canada for the year 2024.
The CKC releases an annual list of the most popular dog breeds in Canada, based on the number of registrations. The 2023 list includes a mix of breeds, from the friendly and loyal Golden Retriever to the energetic and playful French Bulldog. Each breed has its own unique characteristics and traits that make them a great fit for different types of households. Whether you’re looking for a companion for long walks or a furry friend to snuggle up with on the couch, there’s a dog breed out there for everyone.
WHAT ARE DOG BREEDS?
Dog breeds are a specific type of dog that has been selectively bred by humans for specific physical and behavioral characteristics. There are two main types of dog breeds: purebred and mixed breed. Purebred dogs are the result of generations of selective breeding to achieve specific physical and behavioral traits. Mixed breed dogs, on the other hand, are the result of breeding dogs of different breeds.
Each breed has its unique characteristics, such as size, coat type, and temperament. Understanding these characteristics is essential when choosing a dog breed that suits your lifestyle and personality. For example, some breeds are better suited for families with children, while others are better for individuals who live alone.
It is also important to note that not all purebred dogs are the same. While they share certain physical and behavioral characteristics, individual dogs can have their unique personalities and temperaments. It is crucial to research and understand the breed’s characteristics before bringing a dog home.
MOST POPULAR DOG BREEDS IN CANADA
Canada is a country of dog lovers, and it is no surprise that there are many popular dog breeds in the country. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) has been keeping track of the most popular dog breeds in Canada for years, and Labrador Retrievers have been the most popular breed for the past 26 years. They are known for their easy-going and affectionate temperament, making them a great breed for families.
Other popular dog breeds in Canada include the German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, and Bulldog. These breeds are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and friendly nature. The CKC has also noted an increase in popularity for smaller breeds such as the French Bulldog and the Shih Tzu.
Here is a table of the top 10 most popular dog breeds in Canada according to the CKC:
|Bernese Mountain Dog
It is important to note that popularity does not always equate to the best fit for every individual or family. Each breed has its own unique characteristics and needs, and it is important to do research and consider factors such as lifestyle, living space, and activity level before choosing a dog breed.
The Labrador Retriever is a well-known breed of dog that has been the most popular breed in Canada for over two decades. They are a medium to large-sized breed that is known for their friendly and outgoing personality. Labrador Retrievers are intelligent, active, and easy to train, making them a popular choice for families and individuals alike.
Originally bred as a hunting dog, Labrador Retrievers are still used today for hunting and retrieving game, particularly waterfowl. They are also popular sporting dogs and are often used in competitions such as agility, obedience, and flyball.
Labrador Retrievers are also frequently used as guide dogs for the visually impaired due to their intelligence and trainability. They are a well-rounded breed that excels in a variety of roles and activities.
In terms of physical appearance, Labrador Retrievers have a short, dense coat that comes in a variety of colors including black, yellow, and chocolate. They have a broad head and strong jaws, which make them excellent at retrieving and carrying objects.
The Bulldog is a medium-sized breed that is known for its wrinkled face and stocky build. They are a popular breed in Canada and have consistently ranked in the top 10 most popular breeds.
Bulldogs are known for their stubbornness, which can make training a challenge. However, with patience and consistency, they can be trained to be well-behaved and obedient. They are also known for their loyalty to their owners and make excellent companions.
Despite their stocky build, Bulldogs can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise. They are not a high-energy breed and are content with short walks and playtime.
|Can be difficult to train
|Adaptable to apartment living
|Prone to health issues
|Can be expensive to care for
The German Shepherd is a large and intelligent breed that has been one of the most popular dog breeds in Canada for many years. They are known for their confidence, loyalty, and protective nature, making them a popular choice for families and individuals looking for a guard dog in Nigeria.
German Shepherds have a long history of serving in the military and law enforcement due to their intelligence and trainability. They have been used as search and rescue dogs, bomb detection dogs, and more. Their herding instincts also make them great working dogs on farms.
In terms of appearance, German Shepherds have a distinctive look with their pointed ears and black and tan coat. They require regular grooming to maintain their coat and keep shedding under control.
The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in Canada and around the world. These dogs are known for their friendly and loyal nature, making them great family pets. They are also highly intelligent and easy to train, which makes them ideal for various roles, including as guide dogs for the visually impaired.
Golden Retrievers are active dogs that require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They are known for their love of water, which makes them great companions for waterfowl hunting and other water-based activities. As sporting dogs, they excel in various competitions, including obedience, agility, and field trials.
Golden Retrievers are medium to large-sized dogs with a dense coat that comes in shades of gold. They require regular grooming to keep their coat in good condition. These dogs have a life expectancy of 10-12 years and are prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia and cancer.
The French Bulldog, also known as Frenchie, is a small breed that has been steadily gaining popularity in Canada. According to recent rankings, French Bulldogs are now the second most popular dog breed in the country, following closely behind Labrador Retrievers.
French Bulldogs are known for their affectionate and playful nature, which makes them great companions for families and individuals alike. They are also a good fit for apartment living, as they don’t require a lot of space and are generally not very active.
However, French Bulldogs can be stubborn at times, which can make training a bit challenging. It’s important for owners to establish themselves as the pack leader early on and use positive reinforcement techniques to encourage good behavior.
The Poodle is a highly intelligent and active breed that comes in three sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. They are known for their curly, hypoallergenic coat that requires regular grooming. Poodles are often trained as therapy dogs due to their calm and gentle nature.
The Standard Poodle is the most popular Poodle breed in Canada. They are highly intelligent and trainable, making them a great choice for obedience and agility training. Standard Poodles are also known for their athleticism and are often used in hunting and retrieving activities.
Poodles are an active breed that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy activities such as swimming, hiking, and playing fetch. Due to their hypoallergenic coat, Poodles are a great choice for individuals with allergies.
In addition to being great companions, Poodles are often chosen as service dogs due to their intelligence and trainability. They excel in roles such as guide dogs for the blind, hearing dogs for the deaf, and mobility assistance dogs.
The Havanese is a small, sturdy dog that has become increasingly popular in Canada in recent years. Known for their affectionate and playful nature, Havanese dogs make great family pets.
One of the reasons for the Havanese’s popularity is their adaptability. They are equally at home in small apartments or large houses, and they are happy to accompany their owners on walks or just curl up on the couch for a cuddle.
Another reason for the Havanese’s popularity is their hypoallergenic coat. This makes them a great choice for people with allergies who still want a dog. Their coat requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best, but they do not shed much, which makes them a great choice for people who do not want to deal with a lot of pet hair.
BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large breed that is known for its gentle and loyal nature. They are intelligent dogs that are easy to train and make great family pets.
One of the defining characteristics of the Bernese Mountain Dog is its size. They are a large breed, with males typically weighing between 80 and 115 pounds, and females weighing between 70 and 95 pounds. Despite their size, they are known for their gentle nature and are often good with children.
In addition to being a great family pet, the Bernese Mountain Dog is also a versatile working dog. They were originally bred in Switzerland as farm dogs, and were used to pull carts and herd livestock. Today, they are still used for these purposes, but are also used as therapy dogs and in search and rescue operations.
The Shetland Sheepdog, also known as the Sheltie, is a small to medium-sized herding dog that originated from Scotland. Shelties are intelligent and highly trainable, making them great for obedience competitions and agility trials. They are also known for their loyalty and affectionate nature towards their owners.
Shelties were originally bred to herd and protect sheep in the Shetland Islands of Scotland. They are still used for herding today and excel in this role due to their high energy and agility. Shelties are also known for their ability to learn and follow commands quickly, which makes them great candidates for obedience training.
In addition to their herding abilities, Shelties are also popular as family pets due to their friendly and gentle nature. They are known to be good with children and other pets, making them a great choice for families with multiple pets.
Shelties come in a variety of colours, including sable, black, and blue merle. They have a thick double coat that sheds heavily twice a year, so regular grooming is necessary to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
The Australian Shepherd is a highly intelligent and active breed that is often used for herding. This breed is known for its high energy levels and requires regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.
Australian Shepherds are highly trainable and excel in obedience and agility competitions. They are also known for their loyalty and make excellent family pets. This breed is highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of living situations, including apartments and large homes.
As a herding breed, Australian Shepherds have a strong instinct to work and may try to herd other animals or even people. It is important to provide them with plenty of opportunities to exercise and work off their energy to prevent destructive behavior.
CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small, affectionate, and outgoing breed that is known for its adaptability and friendly nature. This breed originated in England and was named after King Charles II, who was known for his love of small dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are known for being incredibly affectionate and sociable. They love to be around people and are great with children, making them a popular family pet. They are also outgoing and adaptable, making them a great choice for families who are always on the go.
This breed is also highly adaptable and can live in a variety of environments, from apartments to larger homes with yards. They are also known for being intelligent and easy to train, making them a great choice for first-time dog owners.
In terms of appearance, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are small and compact with a silky, medium-length coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black and tan, ruby, and blenheim. They have a friendly and expressive face with large, dark eyes and long, floppy ears.
The Yorkshire Terrier, or Yorkie, is a small dog breed that originated in Yorkshire, England. They are known for their small size, weighing only 4-7 pounds, and their long, silky coat that requires regular grooming.
Despite their small size, Yorkies are known for being territorial and protective of their owners. They can be vocal and will bark at anything they perceive as a threat. However, with proper training and socialization, they can be well-behaved and obedient companions.
Yorkies are popular among city dwellers due to their small size and adaptability to apartment living. They are also a popular choice for families with children, as they are playful and affectionate.
In Canada, the Yorkshire Terrier has consistently been one of the top 10 most popular dog breeds. They are a beloved companion and are often seen accompanying their owners on walks and outings.
The Chihuahua is a small breed of dog that originated in Mexico. They are known for their small size, weighing between 2 and 6 pounds, and their big personalities. Chihuahuas are often referred to as “purse dogs” due to their small size and popularity among celebrities.
Despite their small size, Chihuahuas can be quite territorial and protective of their owners. They are also known for being vocal and will bark at anything they perceive as a threat. This can make them good watchdogs, but it also means they may not be the best fit for apartment living or close neighbors.
Chihuahuas come in a variety of colors and coat types, including short-haired and long-haired varieties. They are a popular breed in Canada, ranking in the top 10 most popular dog breeds according to the Canadian Kennel Club.
Dachshunds, also known as wiener dogs, are a popular breed in Canada. They are known for their elongated bodies, short legs, and stubborn personalities. Dachshunds were originally bred as hunters, and their long, narrow bodies allowed them to easily maneuver through tunnels and burrows in pursuit of prey.
Dachshunds come in three different coat types: smooth, wirehaired, and longhaired. Smooth-coated dachshunds have a short, shiny coat, while wirehaired dachshunds have a rough, wiry coat. Longhaired dachshunds have a soft, silky coat. All three types of dachshunds come in a variety of colors and patterns, including black and tan, red, and dapple.
Despite their small size, dachshunds are known for their big personalities. They can be stubborn and independent, but they are also loyal and affectionate with their owners. Dachshunds are great family dogs, but they may not be the best choice for families with young children due to their delicate backs.
The Beagle is a small to medium-sized breed of dog that is known for its keen sense of smell and its hunting ability. They are a popular breed in Canada, and are often used for hunting small game such as rabbits and hares.
Beagles are a scent hound breed, which means that they rely heavily on their sense of smell to track and hunt prey. They have a strong prey drive, which can make them difficult to train and control if not properly trained from a young age.
Despite their hunting instincts, Beagles are also known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are great with children and make excellent family pets.
When it comes to physical appearance, Beagles are typically between 13 and 15 inches tall and weigh between 18 and 30 pounds. They have short, dense coats that come in a variety of colors, including black, tan, and white.
Boxers are a popular dog breed in Canada known for their athleticism, energy, and outgoing personality. They are medium-sized dogs that can weigh up to 70 pounds and stand up to 25 inches tall at the shoulder. Boxers have a short, smooth coat that can be fawn or brindle in colour.
Boxers are known for their playful and friendly nature, making them great family pets. They are also highly intelligent and can be trained for a variety of activities, including obedience, agility, and even therapy work. Boxers are also known for being protective of their families, which makes them popular as guard dogs.
Due to their high energy levels, boxers require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behaviour. They enjoy long walks, runs, and playing games with their owners. Boxers also have a tendency to drool, so owners should be prepared for some slobber.
NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING RETRIEVER
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, also known as the Toller, is a medium-sized hunting dog breed that originated in Nova Scotia, Canada. Tollers were originally bred to lure and retrieve waterfowl by playing and splashing in the water, which would attract the birds within range of the hunter.
Tollers are intelligent, active, and affectionate dogs that make great companions for families who enjoy outdoor activities. They are known for their high energy levels and love of water, making them ideal for activities such as swimming, hiking, and hunting.
The Toller has a distinctive appearance, with a rich red or orange coat that is medium in length and water-repellent. They have a “fox-like” head shape and a long, feathery tail that is carried high. Tollers are the smallest of the retriever breeds, with females standing 45-48 cm tall and weighing 17-20 kg, and males standing 48-51 cm tall and weighing 20-23 kg.
In terms of temperament, Tollers are friendly and outgoing dogs that get along well with children and other pets. They are highly trainable and eager to please, but can be sensitive and require positive reinforcement training methods. Tollers are also known for their strong hunting instincts and may be prone to chasing small animals.
PORTUGUESE WATER DOG
The Portuguese Water Dog, also known as the Cao de Agua, is a medium-sized breed that was originally bred to assist fishermen in Portugal. They were trained to retrieve lost fishing gear, herd fish into nets, and act as a guard dog on the boats.
Portuguese Water Dogs are intelligent, loyal, and energetic. They are also known for their love of water and are excellent swimmers. Due to their history of working with waterfowl, they have a strong prey drive and love to play fetch. They are a great choice for active families who enjoy outdoor activities.
One of the most notable characteristics of the Portuguese Water Dog is their hypoallergenic coat. They have a single-layered, curly coat that does not shed much, making them a good choice for people with allergies. However, their coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.
In addition to being great companions, Portuguese Water Dogs also excel in various dog sports, including agility, obedience, and dock diving. They are classified as sporting dogs and have a high energy level that requires daily exercise and mental stimulation.
Newfoundland is a large breed of dog that originated from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. This breed is known for its large size, which can range from 25 to 29 inches in height and 100 to 150 pounds in weight.
Newfoundlands were originally bred as working dogs for fishermen. They were used to pull in fishing nets, rescue people from the water, and even haul carts. Their love for water is still evident in their personality today, as they are excellent swimmers and enjoy spending time in the water.
This breed is also known for its loyalty and protective nature. They are great with children and make excellent family pets. They are gentle giants who are always eager to please their owners.
Newfoundlands have a thick, water-resistant coat that comes in black, brown, or gray. They require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT DOG BREED
Choosing the right dog breed is an important decision that requires careful consideration. There are many factors to consider, such as exercise needs, energy level, size, living situation, hypoallergenic qualities, allergies, temperament, personality, life expectancy, height, weight, and socialization.
Firstly, it is important to consider the amount of exercise a dog breed requires. Some breeds are more energetic than others and require more exercise to stay healthy. For example, breeds such as the Border Collie and the Australian Shepherd require a lot of physical activity, while breeds such as the Bulldog and the Pug require less.
Secondly, the size of a dog is also an important factor to consider. Large breeds such as the Great Dane and the Mastiff require more space and may not be suitable for apartment living. Smaller breeds such as the Chihuahua and the Shih Tzu are more adaptable to living in smaller spaces.
Thirdly, hypoallergenic qualities may be important for those with allergies. Breeds such as the Poodle and the Bichon Frise are known for being hypoallergenic and are good options for those with allergies.
Fourthly, temperament and personality are important factors to consider. Some breeds are known for being more friendly and outgoing, while others are more reserved and independent. It is important to choose a breed that matches the owner’s personality and lifestyle.
Lastly, life expectancy, height, weight, and socialization are also important factors to consider. Some breeds have longer life expectancies than others, while some breeds are taller or heavier than others. Socialization is also important to consider as some breeds may require more socialization than others to ensure they are well-behaved and friendly around other people and animals.
In conclusion, Labrador Retrievers continue to dominate the list of most popular dog breeds in Canada. They have held the top spot for over 25 years, thanks to their easy-going and affectionate temperament. Other popular breeds include the German Shepherd Dog, Border Collie, and Golden Retriever.
It is worth noting that the popularity of certain breeds can be influenced by various factors, such as media exposure and celebrity endorsements. However, when choosing a dog, it is important to consider factors such as temperament, exercise requirements, and grooming needs, rather than simply following trends.