Meet Gingivitis, The Culprit That Makes You Bleed After You Brush Your Teeth

Are you spitting pink into the sink every time you brush? If yes, then that could be sign of a serious dental problem. Spiting pink, while brushing is as a result of poor oral hygiene, and it is often caused by the chronic bacteria-laden plaque.

Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease (periodontal disease) that causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) of your gums.  Oftentimes, gingivitis can be mild. You may not be aware that you have the condition, but it’s important to take gingivitis seriously and treat it promptly.

Gingivitis can lead to much more serious gum disease (periodontitis) and tooth loss.

When Gum disease gets worse

Many people don’t even know they have gingivitis because it normally doesn’t cause pain until it gets worse. The longer plaque stays there, the more inflammation and swelling it’ll cause around your gums. The simple act of brushing your teeth irritates the swollen gums and makes them bleed.  If gingivitis is left untreated, it can turn to periodontitis, says Men’s Health advisor Mark S. Wolff, D.D.S. Your teeth may loosen, or in extreme cases, fall out or need to be removed.

According to expert, gum diseases can affect more than your mouth: Gum disease is linked to an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Healthy gums are firm and pale pink. If your gums are puffy, dusky red and bleed easily, you may have gingivitis. Because gingivitis is seldom painful, you can have gingivitis without even knowing it.

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Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swollen gums
  • Soft, puffy gums
  • Receding gums
  • Occasionally, tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss, sometimes seen as redness or pinkness on your brush or floss
  • A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red
  • Bad breath

Tips on How to keep your teeth and gums healthy

The only way to get rid of, or avoid gingivitis is to practice good oral hygiene. You should brush twice a day and floss every night to discourage plaque build-up.

Book an appointment with your dentist, too. People with bleeding gums or signs of cavities—toothache, pain when you eat hot or cold food, or pain when you bite down—should get a cleaning every three months, experts advised.


A buildup of plaque—the cause of gum disease—also causes cavities.

If you don’t have any symptoms now but have had cavities in the past, you should make an appointment every six months to a year.


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