How To Become A Doctor In Australia (2024)

If you’ve ever dreamed of becoming a doctor in Australia, be prepared for more than ten years of rigorous education and training. The journey to becoming a doctor involves completing a bachelor’s degree, attending medical school, internships, residency programs, and more. Once certified by the Medical Board of Australia, you’ll have the ability to practice medicine independently. As a doctor, your main focus will be to diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and other health conditions. You’ll need a wide range of skills, including the ability to work under pressure, good time management, effective decision-making, problem-solving, excellent communication, and a strong drive for continuous learning.

doctor in Australia

The qualifications needed to become a doctor in Australia include completing Year 12 education, obtaining a bachelor’s degree, completing a 4-year Master’s medical program, and completing an intern year. Becoming a doctor in Australia is a multi-step process, involving meeting prerequisites, attending an accredited university, and passing entrance exams. Each university has its own specific requirements and criteria for accepting students into their medical programs.

Requirements and Qualifications

To become a doctor in Australia, you must complete more than ten years of higher education and training. The path to becoming a doctor includes earning a bachelor’s degree, attending medical school, completing internships and residency programs, and obtaining certification from the Medical Board of Australia. Once certified, you can practice medicine independently in Australia. As a doctor, your primary focus will be on diagnosing and treating illnesses, injuries, and other health conditions. Some major duties and tasks of a doctor include assessing patients’ healthcare needs, gathering and maintaining patient information, diagnosing conditions, advising on treatment options, and monitoring patients’ progress.

To meet the qualifications needed to become a doctor in Australia, there are several key steps you must complete. These include completing Year 12 education, obtaining a bachelor’s degree, completing a 4-year Master’s medical program, and completing an intern year.

Completing Year 12 Education

The first step on your journey to becoming a doctor in Australia is completing Year 12 education. This involves earning your High School Diploma. In addition to the basic education requirements, you will also need to complete the necessary science and math prerequisites. These subjects are crucial for building a strong foundation of knowledge and skills that will be essential in your future medical studies.

Obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree

Once you have completed Year 12 education, the next major step is earning a bachelor’s degree. It is important to choose a relevant degree that will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills needed for medical school. While there are various options available, one common degree choice for aspiring doctors is the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program. This program is specifically designed to prepare students for a career in medicine.

However, there are also other bachelor’s degree options that can serve as a pathway to medical school. Some students may choose to pursue a degree in a related field such as biomedical science, pharmacology, or anatomy. These degrees can provide valuable knowledge and experience that will be beneficial in your future medical studies.

Completing a 4-Year Master’s Medical Program

After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, the next step is to complete a 4-year Master’s medical program. This is where you will receive in-depth medical training and education. When choosing a medical school, it is important to consider factors such as reputation, curriculum, clinical training opportunities, and location. Research different medical schools and find one that aligns with your goals and preferences.

Medical school admission requirements may include a minimum GPA, completion of specific science courses, letters of recommendation, and a personal statement. It is important to thoroughly review the admission criteria for each medical school you are interested in and ensure you meet all the requirements before applying.

Once admitted to a medical school, you will engage in a rigorous course structure and curriculum. This typically includes a combination of classroom lectures, laboratory work, and clinical placements. The curriculum is designed to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of human anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and other medical sciences. You will also gain practical experience through clinical rotations in various medical specialties.

Completing an Intern Year

Upon completion of your Master’s medical program, you will enter into an intern year. This is a crucial transitional period where you will gain practical experience and further develop your clinical skills. Internship programs are typically offered in hospitals and provide supervised clinical training. During this year, you will work under the guidance of experienced doctors and healthcare professionals, gaining hands-on experience in diagnosing and treating patients.

The intern year is a demanding and challenging period that requires resilience, adaptability, and a strong work ethic. You will be exposed to a diverse range of medical cases and learn how to manage complex medical conditions. The goal of the intern year is to ensure that you are well-prepared to practice medicine independently and provide quality care to your patients.

Entrance Exams

To gain admission into medical school in Australia, you will need to take entrance exams such as the UCAT and GAMSAT. These exams assess your aptitude and readiness for medical studies and help universities determine your suitability for their medical programs.

UCAT (Undergraduate Clinical Aptitude Test)

The UCAT is an entrance exam required for undergraduate medical courses in Australia. It assesses a range of cognitive abilities and is designed to evaluate your critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. The exam consists of multiple-choice questions and is divided into several sections, including verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, abstract reasoning, decision-making, and situational judgment.

To prepare for the UCAT, it is recommended to practice sample questions and familiarize yourself with the exam format. There are various resources available, such as practice books, online courses, and mock exams. It is also important to register for the UCAT well in advance and take note of the test dates to ensure you have ample time to prepare.

GAMSAT (Graduate Medical School Admission Test)

The GAMSAT is an entrance exam for postgraduate medical courses in Australia. It assesses your knowledge and understanding of various scientific concepts, as well as your analytical and problem-solving skills. The exam consists of multiple-choice questions, essay questions, and a written communication section.

Preparing for the GAMSAT requires a solid understanding of science concepts and strong critical thinking skills. It is recommended to review science materials, practice essay writing, and take practice exams to familiarize yourself with the exam format. Similar to the UCAT, it is important to register for the GAMSAT in advance and take note of the test dates.

Different University Requirements

Different universities in Australia have different requirements for accepting students into their medical programs. It is important to research and carefully consider each university’s selection criteria before applying. Some universities may consider your ATAR (Australian Tertiary Admission Rank) or GPA (Grade Point Average), while others may have additional application criteria. ATAR is calculated based on your performance in Year 12 exams, whereas GPA is a measure of your academic performance during your undergraduate studies.

In addition to academic requirements, universities may also consider personal attributes and qualities that are important for a career in medicine. These may include leadership skills, community service experience, and communication skills. It is important to review each university’s requirements thoroughly and tailor your application accordingly.

Skills Required to Become a Doctor

Becoming a doctor requires more than just academic qualifications. It necessitates a diverse range of skills and personal qualities to excel in the medical field. Here are some of the key skills required to become a doctor in Australia:

Working Under Pressure

As a doctor, you will often be faced with high-pressure situations that require quick thinking and decisive action. You must be able to stay calm and focused in emergency situations, making critical decisions while under pressure.

Working Long Hours

The medical profession often involves long and irregular work hours. You may be required to work night shifts, weekends, and public holidays. It is essential to have the stamina and dedication to work long hours while maintaining a high level of professionalism and patient care.

Teamwork and Collaboration

Medicine is a highly collaborative field, and effective teamwork is crucial for providing quality patient care. You must be able to work well with other healthcare professionals, such as nurses, pharmacists, and allied health professionals, to ensure coordinated and holistic care for your patients.

Time Management

As a doctor, you will have to juggle multiple responsibilities and prioritize tasks efficiently. Good time management skills are essential for balancing patient care, administrative duties, and continuing education requirements.

Leadership and Management

In addition to providing healthcare, doctors often take on leadership roles within healthcare organizations. Strong leadership and management skills are necessary for overseeing medical teams, making strategic decisions, and ensuring smooth operations.


Doctors are frequently faced with complex medical situations where they must make decisions that can potentially impact patients’ lives. Effective decision-making skills, based on sound medical knowledge and critical thinking, are vital in providing safe and appropriate care.


Medicine is a field that requires constant problem-solving. Doctors need to accurately diagnose patients’ conditions and develop treatment plans to address their health concerns. Strong problem-solving skills, including analytical thinking and creativity, are essential in providing effective care.


Clear and effective communication is paramount in the medical field. Doctors must be able to communicate complex medical information to patients and their families in a way that is easily understood. Additionally, doctors must be able to collaborate and communicate effectively with other healthcare professionals.

Compassion and Empathy

Doctors have a responsibility to care for their patients with compassion and empathy. Being able to connect with patients on an emotional level and provide support during challenging times is vital in building trust and delivering patient-centered care.


Integrity is a core value in medicine. As a doctor, you must adhere to ethical standards and act in the best interest of your patients. Maintaining professional integrity is crucial in building trust with patients and the wider community.

Analytical Ability

Doctors must possess strong analytical skills to gather and interpret patient data, perform differential diagnoses, and develop effective treatment plans. Analytical thinking helps doctors evaluate multiple factors and make evidence-based decisions.

Continuous Learning

Medicine is a field that is constantly evolving. To stay up to date with the latest medical advancements and provide the best possible care for your patients, doctors must have a strong drive for continuous learning. This involves staying updated with medical literature, attending conferences, participating in continuing medical education programs, and embracing lifelong learning.


Becoming a doctor in Australia requires a significant investment of time, energy, and dedication. The qualifications and skills needed to embark on this career path are extensive, and the journey involves completing Year 12 education, obtaining a relevant bachelor’s degree, completing a 4-year Master’s medical program, and completing an intern year. It is important to carefully consider each step of the path and ensure that you have the necessary qualifications and meet the requirements of the medical schools you are interested in. Additionally, developing the essential skills and personal qualities, such as working under pressure, teamwork, time management, and continuous learning, will contribute to your success as a doctor in Australia.

Mfonobong Daniel

Daniel is an Editor on Nigerian Infopedia who craves for writing, researching and also watching soccer.

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