How to Apply for Work Permit in Canada as an Immigrant (2024)

As an immigrant, securing a job in Canada is a significant step towards settling down in the country. Before you can begin working in Canada, you need to obtain a work permit. In this article, we will guide you on how to apply for a work permit in Canada as an immigrant.

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UNDERSTANDING THE CANADIAN WORK PERMIT SYSTEM

A work permit is a document that authorizes a foreign worker to work legally in Canada. The Canadian government issues two types of work permits: employer-specific work permits and open work permits. The employer-specific work permit is tied to a specific employer, while the open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada. Most applicants will need a Canadian job offer accompanied by a Labour Market Impact Assessment in order to submit an application for a work permit. (LMIA). With some limitations, immigrants may apply for a work permit without an LMIA or a job offer.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR WORK PERMIT IN CANADA

To be eligible for a work permit in Canada, you must meet certain requirements. The eligibility criteria depend on the type of work permit you are applying for. The most crucial phase of your work permit application is this stage. If you begin the application process only to discover that you are ineligible, it would be a complete waste of time and money. Before any foreigner can work in Canada as an immigrant, a number of requirements must be satisfied.

  • Evidence demonstrating your intention to leave the country once your work visa expires. After your temporary work visit to Canada, you must have a legitimate cause to return back to your home country. Your family, your possessions (such as homes and enterprises), or anything else that can reassure the Canadian immigration official that you will be returning  could be used.
  • Evidence that you are a law-abiding citizen is required, which means you must have no history of criminal conduct, either domestically or abroad. It could be necessary for you to present a police clearance certificate.
  • You also have to prove that you do not intend to work for or are not currently employed by an employer who is ineligible or who has disregarded a requirement for working in Canada.
  • You need to be in perfect health. The majority of people with HIV/AIDS are more likely to have a work permit request denied. Most often, a medical exam will be necessary.
  • Possessing the necessary documentation before tendering
  • Having sufficient funds on hand to make sure your stay in Canada goes smoothly.
  • You must persuade the Canadian immigration official that you are capable of taking care of yourself while you are there. You must present evidence of your financial capacity in the form of a bank statement for your account showing transactions for at least three prior months.

WAYS TO OBTAIN CANADIAN WORK PERMIT

There are two ways to obtain a work permit in Canada:

  • Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

If you are applying for an employer-specific work permit, your employer must obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). The LMIA is a document that confirms that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill a specific job in Canada and that there are no Canadians or permanent residents available to do the job.

  • International Mobility Program (IMP)

If you are applying for an open work permit, you may be eligible under the International Mobility Program (IMP). The IMP is designed to facilitate the entry of foreign workers who bring significant economic, social, or cultural benefits to Canada.

TYPES OF WORK PERMITS IN CANADA

There are two types of work permits in Canada:

OPEN WORK PERMIT

An open work permit allows you to work for any employer in Canada, except for employers who have failed to comply with the conditions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) or who offer services in the sex industry. You may be eligible for an open work permit under the following circumstances:

  • You are a spouse or common-law partner of a skilled worker or international student in Canada
  • You have graduated from a Canadian post-secondary institution
  • You are a dependent child of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident
  • You are a refugee, refugee claimant, or their family member
  • You are under an unenforceable removal order

EMPLOYER-SPECIFIC WORK PERMIT

An employer-specific work permit allows you to work for a specific employer in Canada. Your employer must obtain an LMIA from ESDC, and you must meet the eligibility criteria for the job. The employer-specific work permit is usually valid for the duration of your employment contract.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR A WORK PERMIT APPLICATION

To apply for a work permit in Canada, you must provide certain documents. The documents required depend on the type of work permit you are applying for and your country of origin. Here are some of the general documents required:

GENERAL DOCUMENTS

  • Form for Work Permit Application Made Outside of Canada
  • Two photos of yourself
  • Proof of identity (A valid passport or travel document that shows you will return to the country that issued it
  • Family Information document: This necessary document must be completed by the applicant and every accompanying family member who is at least 18 years old.
  • Application of a Representative Form ( if you are using a representative)
  • Common-Law Union Statutory Declaration Form ( if you are in a common-law union)
  • Form for Authorization of Release of Personal Information to Designated Individual

LMIA-SPECIFIC DOCUMENTS

If you are applying for an employer-specific work permit, your employer must obtain an LMIA from ESDC. The following are some of the documents required:

  • Job offer letter
  • LMIA confirmation letter
  • Business registration certificate
  • Proof of advertising efforts to hire Canadians or permanent residents
  • Proof of payment of the LMIA fee

IMP-SPECIFIC DOCUMENTS

If you are applying for an open work permit under the IMP, you may need to provide the following documents:

  • Proof of language proficiency
  • Police certificate
  • Medical exam report

HOW TO APPLY FOR A WORK PERMIT IN CANADA

You can apply for a work permit in Canada online or on paper. Here is a brief overview of the various application process:

ONLINE APPLICATION

To apply for a work permit online, you must have access to a scanner or camera to create electronic copies of your documents. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Create an account on the Government of Canada’s website
  2. Complete the online application form
  3. Upload your supporting documents
  4. Pay the application fee for Canadian work permit
  5. Submit your application

PAPER APPLICATION

To apply for a work permit on paper, you must download the application package from the Government of Canada’s website. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Complete the application forms
  2. Gather your supporting documents
  3. Pay the application fee
  4. Mail your application package to the address provided

PROCESSING TIME FOR WORK PERMIT APPLICATION

The processing time for a work permit application varies depending on the type of work permit you are applying for, the location of the visa office processing your application, and the time of year. Generally, the processing time can range from a few weeks to several months.

WORK PERMIT EXTENSIONS AND RENEWALS

If your work permit is about to expire, you may be eligible for an extension or renewal. You must apply for an extension or renewal before your current work permit expires. The eligibility criteria and application process are similar to those for a new work permit.

CONCLUSION

Obtaining a work permit in Canada is an important step towards establishing yourself as an immigrant in the country. It is crucial to understand the eligibility criteria and application process for the type of work permit you are applying for. By following the guidelines in this article, you can increase your chances of success in your work permit application.

Mfonobong Daniel

Daniel is an Editor on Nigerian Infopedia who craves for writing, researching and also watching soccer.

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