How Long Does It Take To Become a Doctor in Canada?

Becoming a doctor is a long and challenging process, but it can also be incredibly rewarding. In Canada, the journey to becoming a doctor typically takes at least 10 years of education and training. This includes undergraduate studies, medical school, residency training, and, in some cases, fellowship training.

become a doctor in canada

In this blog post, we will break down the educational steps involved in becoming a doctor in Canada and provide an estimated timeline for each step. We will also discuss the importance of maintaining a strong academic record throughout your education, as well as the resources available to aspiring doctors in Canada.

Becoming a doctor in Canada is a long-term commitment that requires significant time and dedication. The journey towards becoming a licensed Canadian doctor typically spans a minimum of 10 to 14 years, with the duration varying depending on the chosen specialization. It begins with a four-year undergraduate degree in a scientific field, followed by four years of medical school. Once medical school is completed, aspiring doctors must pass a licensing exam before advancing to the next step, which involves completing a residency program lasting anywhere from three to seven years.

During their careers, doctors not only diagnose, treat, and counsel patients, but also handle administrative tasks. In Canada, there are approximately 39 different specializations for doctors, ranging from cardiologist and neurosurgeon to family physician. Essential skills for aspiring doctors include effective communication, time management, interpersonal abilities, and problem-solving aptitude. For those seeking further specialization opportunities, fellowship programs are available, although they are not obligatory. It’s important to note that different specializations have varying training periods and requirements.

In Canada, the journey to becoming a fully licensed and practicing physician is a rigorous and time-intensive process. From the initial aspirations of aspiring medical students to the day they don the coveted white coat, the path to becoming a doctor is marked by numerous milestones, each demanding unwavering commitment. But just how long does it take to become a doctor in Canada?

In this article, we’ll explore the timeline and educational steps that aspiring doctors must navigate in their quest to provide vital healthcare services to the nation. Whether you’re a high school student contemplating a future in medicine or simply curious about the arduous journey doctors undertake, this comprehensive guide will shed light on the multifaceted timeline required to achieve the prestigious title of “Doctor” in the Canadian healthcare system.


The educational journey to becoming a doctor in Canada is a rigorous and demanding one. It requires a strong commitment to academic excellence, a passion for science and healthcare, and a deep understanding of human anatomy and physiology.


The first step towards becoming a doctor in Canada is to complete an undergraduate degree. While there is no specific undergraduate degree required for medical school, there are certain prerequisites that must be met. These typically include:

  • Strong academic performance in math, science, and English.
  • Completion of courses in biology, chemistry, physics, and biochemistry.
  • Participation in extracurricular activities that demonstrate leadership, teamwork, and community service.

Some common undergraduate programs for aspiring doctors include:

  • Science (e.g., biology, chemistry, biochemistry)
  • Health sciences (e.g., kinesiology, health studies)
  • Psychology
  • Engineering

While these are not the only acceptable undergraduate programs, they provide a solid foundation for the rigors of medical school.


Once you have completed your undergraduate degree, you must apply to medical school. The application process is competitive, and applicants are typically evaluated on their academic record, MCAT scores, letters of recommendation, and personal statement.

The MCAT (Medical College Admissions Test) is a standardized, multiple-choice exam that assesses your critical thinking, problem-solving, and knowledge of scientific concepts. A strong MCAT score is essential for gaining admission to medical school.

If you are accepted to medical school, you will embark on a four-year journey of intense study and clinical training. The medical school curriculum covers a wide range of topics, including:

  • Human anatomy and physiology
  • Biochemistry and pharmacology
  • Pathology and microbiology
  • Clinical medicine and surgery
  • Ethics and professionalism

In addition to classroom lectures, medical students also participate in clinical rotations, where they gain hands-on experience working with patients under the supervision of experienced physicians. These rotations provide invaluable exposure to different medical specialties and prepare students for residency training.


After graduating from medical school, you must complete residency training in order to become a licensed physician. Residency training is a postgraduate program that provides specialized training in a particular area of medicine, such as internal medicine, family medicine, pediatrics, or surgery.

The length of residency training varies depending on the specialty. For example, residency training in family medicine typically lasts two years, while residency training in surgery can last up to seven years.

During residency training, residents work under the supervision of experienced physicians and provide care to patients in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and community health centers. They also participate in continuing medical education (CME) courses to stay up-to-date on the latest medical advancements.

Once you have completed residency training, you are eligible to take the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) Part II, which is the final step in becoming a licensed physician in Canada.


In addition to the educational requirements outlined above, there are a few additional considerations for aspiring doctors in Canada:


After completing residency training, you must pass the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) Part II in order to obtain a medical license in your province or territory. The MCCQE Part II is a rigorous exam that assesses your clinical skills and ability to practice medicine safely and effectively.

To prepare for the MCCQE Part II, you can take practice exams, attend review courses, and seek guidance from experienced physicians.


If you wish to specialize in a particular area of medicine, you may choose to pursue fellowship training after completing residency training. Fellowship training is an optional two-to-five-year program that provides additional specialized training in a specific area of medicine, such as cardiology, oncology, or neurosurgery.

Fellowship training is not required to practice medicine in Canada, but it can be a valuable option for those who want to become experts in a particular field.


Becoming a doctor in Canada is a significant time commitment. Here is a summary of the estimated time commitment for each stage of the process:

  • Undergraduate degree: 4 years
  • Medical school: 4 years
  • Residency training: 2-7 years
  • Licensing exam: 1 year
  • Fellowship training (optional): 2-5 years

In total, it can take anywhere from 10 to 15 years to become a fully licensed physician in Canada, depending on the chosen specialty and whether fellowship training is pursued.


The path to becoming a doctor in Canada is a lengthy and challenging one, requiring a minimum of a decade of education and training beyond high school. However, it is a journey that many dedicated individuals embark upon with a deep sense of purpose, driven by a passion for healing and a commitment to making a difference in the lives of others.

Throughout the years of undergraduate studies, medical school, and residency, aspiring doctors not only acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for their profession but also develop the resilience and determination that are the hallmarks of healthcare professionals.

While the road may be long, the rewards are immeasurable, as each day in the life of a doctor offers the opportunity to provide care, compassion, and hope to those in need. So, for those who dream of wearing the white coat and serving as healers in the Canadian healthcare system, remember that the journey may be arduous, but the destination is a place where lives are touched, transformed, and saved, making every moment invested truly worthwhile.

Mfonobong Daniel

Daniel is an Editor on Nigerian Infopedia who craves for writing, researching and also watching soccer.

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