The World Health Organisation has warned that doctors have run out of effective antibiotics to treat the bacteria causing gonorrhoea. This disease is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or simply gonococcus.
The bacteria are mainly found in discharge from the pen*s and in v*ginal fluid through unprotected v*ginal, oral or an*l $£x. A World Health Organisation expert, Teodora Wi, in a statement in Switzerland said that gonorrhoea infections were increasing, the bacteria causing the $£xual disease is becoming more resistant to drugs used to treat the infection.
Wi said, “These cases may just be the tip of the iceberg since systems to diagnose and report untreatable infections are lacking in lower-income countries where gonorrhoea is actually more common”.
The health agency estimated that 78 million people are infected annually with the disease, adding that infections were highest in the African region, where one in 10 men was infected annually. WHO identified decrease in condom use, increase mobility as well as poor disease monitoring and inadequate treatment for the high infection rates.
Gonorrhoea can infect the genitals, rectum and throat. It can lead to inflammation of the pelvis and to infertility. Currently, only three new drugs are being developed, because pharmaceutical companies know that the bacteria will soon become resistant to any new antibiotic.
WHO Antimicrobial expert, Marc Sprenger, said that to control gonorrhoea henceforth, doctors would not only need new medicines, but also a rapid diagnostic tool and a vaccine yet to be developed.