Full List of Countries Bordering Canada
Canada is a huge country. When you check the google map, it is only second in size to Russia at 9.985 million km2 (3.855 million mi2). It boasts the world’s longest coastline, at 243,042 kilometres (151,019 miles), and it borders three oceans: the Pacific, the Atlantic, and the Arctic. It would take 61 hours of straight driving to get from one side of the country to the other.
Despite its size, Canada shares only one border with another country: the United States of America. At least, that’s what the majority of people will tell you. Further study reveals that Canada shares borders with the Kingdom of Denmark and France, aside the United States.
Canada’s border with the United States is the longest international border in the world, stretching over 8,891 kilometers (5,525 miles) from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. The two countries share a long history and a close relationship, with trade and tourism flowing freely across the border. However, the border has also been the site of conflicts and disputes over the years, particularly in relation to issues such as immigration and security.
When you check Google map, Canada shares its borders with three countries – United States, Greenland, and Russia. However, the border with Russia is mostly maritime and located in the Arctic Ocean. Therefore, the main neighboring country of Canada is the United States.
The United States shares the longest land border in the world with Canada, stretching over 8,891 kilometers. The border runs from Alaska in the northwest to Maine in the east. It is divided into 13 regions, each with its own port of entry and border crossing regulations. The border is heavily monitored and patrolled by both countries to ensure security and prevent illegal immigration and smuggling.
Greenland, which is an autonomous territory of Denmark, also shares a maritime border with Canada in the Arctic Ocean. The border is not well-defined and is subject to ongoing negotiations between the two countries. The main issues of contention are the ownership of the Hans Island and the extent of the continental shelf.
Russia also shares a maritime border with Canada in the Arctic Ocean, but it is not a significant neighbor due to the distance and lack of direct interaction between the two countries. However, the Arctic region is becoming increasingly important due to its natural resources and strategic location, leading to growing interest and competition among the Arctic nations.
Canadian Provinces and Territories
On the world’s map, Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. It is made up of thirteen administrative divisions: ten provinces and three territories. Each province and territory has its own unique geography, culture, and history. Here is a brief overview of each province and territory:
- Alberta: Known for its vast oil reserves and rugged landscapes, Alberta is located in western Canada and is bordered by British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east.
- British Columbia: With its stunning natural beauty, British Columbia is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. It is located on the west coast of Canada and is bordered by Alberta to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
- Manitoba: Located in central Canada, Manitoba is known for its diverse wildlife and rich history. It is bordered by Saskatchewan to the west and Ontario to the east.
- New Brunswick: Known for its seafood and scenic coastline, New Brunswick is located in eastern Canada. It is bordered by Quebec to the north and Nova Scotia to the east.
- Newfoundland and Labrador: This province is located on the eastern edge of Canada and is known for its rugged coastline and rich cultural heritage. It is bordered by Quebec to the west.
- Northwest Territories: The Northwest Territories is a vast, sparsely populated region located in northern Canada. It is bordered by Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east.
- Nova Scotia: Located on the east coast of Canada, Nova Scotia is known for its seafood and scenic beauty. It is bordered by New Brunswick to the west.
- Nunavut: Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory in Canada. It is located in northern Canada and is bordered by the Northwest Territories to the west and Manitoba to the south.
- Ontario: With its large cities and diverse landscapes, Ontario is the most populous province in Canada. It is located in central Canada and is bordered by Quebec to the east and Manitoba to the west.
- Prince Edward Island: This small island province is located on the east coast of Canada and is known for its scenic beauty and rich history. It is bordered by Nova Scotia to the south.
- Quebec: Known for its French language and culture, Quebec is located in eastern Canada and is the second-most populous province in Canada. It is bordered by Ontario to the west and Newfoundland and Labrador to the east.
- Saskatchewan: Located in western Canada, Saskatchewan is known for its vast prairies and natural beauty. It is bordered by Alberta to the west and Manitoba to the east.
- Yukon: The Yukon is a sparsely populated territory located in northern Canada. It is bordered by Alaska to the west and the Northwest Territories to the east.
Each province and territory in Canada has its own unique identity and contributes to the country’s diverse culture and history.
Canada shares maritime borders with the French overseas territories of Saint Pierre and Miquelon and the Danish autonomous territory of Greenland. The maritime boundary between Canada and Saint Pierre and Miquelon is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The boundary between Canada and Greenland is located in the Labrador Sea and the Davis Strait.
Canada also shares maritime boundaries with the United States. The two countries share the longest international border in the world, which is located along the 49th parallel from the Pacific Ocean to the Great Lakes region. In addition to this land border, Canada and the United States also share maritime boundaries in the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.
The maritime boundary between Canada and the United States in the Pacific Ocean is located along the 141st meridian west, which separates Alaska and British Columbia. In the Arctic Ocean, the boundary between Canada and the United States is located along the Beaufort Sea. In the Atlantic Ocean, the boundary between Canada and the United States is located along the Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy.
Canada also has maritime boundaries with other countries in the Atlantic Ocean. The boundary between Canada and France in the Atlantic Ocean is located in the waters surrounding Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The boundary between Canada and Denmark in the Atlantic Ocean is located in the waters surrounding Greenland.
Overseas Territory of France
If you’re interested in the geography of Canada, you may also be curious about the overseas territories of France, which include several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. One of these territories, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, actually borders Canada.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a group of islands located off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. The islands have a total area of just 242 square kilometers and a population of around 6,000 people. The islands have been a French territory since the 17th century, and today they are an overseas collectivity of France.
As an overseas territory of France, Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a unique political and legal status. The islands have their own government, which is led by a president, and they have representation in the French National Assembly. However, they are not part of the European Union, and they use the Canadian dollar as their official currency.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a rich history and culture, with strong ties to both France and Canada. The islands are known for their seafood, particularly their lobster and scallops, and they attract visitors who are interested in their unique blend of French and North American culture.
If you’re planning a trip to Canada and want to explore the country’s neighboring territories, Saint Pierre and Miquelon is definitely worth a visit. With its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and unique political status, it’s a fascinating destination that you won’t soon forget.
The Canada-US border is the world’s longest international border between two countries, stretching over 5,525 miles from Alaska in the west to Maine in the east. The border is monitored and enforced by both the Canadian and US governments to ensure the safety and security of their respective citizens.
There are eight U.S. Border Patrol sectors based on the Canada-U.S. border, each covering a designated “area of responsibility.” The sectors are based in Blaine, Washington; Spokane, Washington; Havre, Montana; Grand Forks, North Dakota; Detroit, Michigan; Buffalo, New York; Swanton, Vermont; and Houlton, Maine.
The Canada-US border is an important economic link between the two countries, with billions of dollars in trade flowing across the border each year. It is also a popular tourist destination, with millions of people crossing the border annually to visit family, vacation, or conduct business.
If you are traveling across the Canada-US border, it is important to be aware of the rules and regulations governing border crossings. You should have the necessary travel documents, such as a valid passport, visa, or work permit, and be prepared to answer questions about your travel plans and the purpose of your visit.
Additionally, some US states have specific laws and regulations that differ from those in Canada. For example, some US states have different age limits for consuming alcohol, or different rules regarding the use of firearms. It is important to research the laws and regulations of the US states you will be visiting to avoid any legal issues.
Other Neighboring Countries
Aside from the United States, Canada shares maritime borders with two other countries: Greenland, which is a self-governing territory of Denmark, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which is a French overseas territory.
Greenland, the world’s largest island, is located northeast of Canada and is known for its vast ice sheet and stunning natural beauty. Although it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, it has a high degree of autonomy and is largely self-governing. The island has a population of around 56,000 people, the majority of whom are Inuit.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, on the other hand, is a small archipelago located off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is the last remaining vestige of France’s once-extensive North American empire and has a population of around 6,000 people. The islands are known for their stunning natural beauty, rich history, and unique cultural heritage.
Although Canada does not share a land border with any other countries, it does share a maritime boundary with Norway in the Arctic Ocean. Norway is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe and is known for its stunning fjords, vibrant cities, and high standard of living. The two countries have a close relationship and cooperate on a range of issues, including Arctic research and environmental protection.
Major Bodies of Water
Canada is bordered by several major bodies of water, including oceans, seas, lakes, and rivers. These waterways play a significant role in the country’s geography, economy, and culture. Here are some of the most notable bodies of water that border Canada:
Canada borders two oceans: the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The country’s coastline stretches over 202,080 kilometers, making it the longest coastline in the world. The Atlantic Ocean is home to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, which is the largest estuary in the world. The Pacific Ocean is home to the Strait of Georgia, which is an important shipping route for goods to and from Asia.
Canada is home to many large lakes, including the Great Lakes, which are shared with the United States. The Great Lakes are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world and include Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario. These lakes are important for transportation, fishing, and recreation. Canada is also home to other notable lakes, including Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, and Lake Winnipeg.
Canada is home to many large rivers, including the Mackenzie River, which is the longest river in Canada and the second-longest river in North America. Other notable rivers include the St. Lawrence River, which flows from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, and the Yukon River, which flows through the Yukon Territory and Alaska. These rivers are important for transportation, hydroelectric power, and fishing.
As Canada is the second-largest country in the world, it shares borders with only a few countries. The United States is Canada’s only neighbor to the south, and the Canadian-US border is the longest international border in the world, stretching for 8,891 kilometers. The entire border is shared by 13 US states and eight Canadian provinces and territories.
Apart from the US, Canada does not share land borders with any other country. However, Canada has maritime borders with several countries, including Denmark and France, due to its ownership of islands in the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
When it comes to defense and foreign relations, Canada maintains a close relationship with the United States and works closely with the US to secure their shared border. Canada also has a strong relationship with other countries in the Americas, such as Mexico and Brazil.
Although Canada does not share land borders with many countries, it has diplomatic relations with countries around the world. Canada is a member of the United Nations and has strong ties with the European Union, particularly with countries such as Germany, Austria, and Belgium.
Major Canadian Cities
Canada is home to many diverse and vibrant cities, each with its own unique character and culture. Here are some of the most notable cities in Canada:
As the capital city of Canada, Ottawa is an important political and cultural center. It is home to many government buildings, museums, and galleries, as well as beautiful parks and natural areas. Some of the top attractions in Ottawa include the Parliament Buildings, the National Gallery of Canada, and Rideau Canal.
Toronto is the largest city in Canada and one of the most dynamic and multicultural cities in the world. It is known for its impressive skyline, diverse neighborhoods, and world-class attractions. Some of the top things to do in Toronto include visiting the CN Tower, exploring the Distillery District, and taking a stroll through High Park.
Vancouver is a beautiful coastal city in western Canada, known for its stunning natural scenery and vibrant cultural scene. It is home to many museums, galleries, and theaters, as well as some of the best outdoor activities in the country. Some of the top attractions in Vancouver include Stanley Park, Granville Island, and the Capilano Suspension Bridge.
Calgary is a bustling city in the heart of the Canadian prairies, known for its friendly people and vibrant energy. It is home to many festivals and events throughout the year, as well as some of the best shopping and dining in the region. Some of the top things to do in Calgary include visiting the Calgary Tower, exploring the Glenbow Museum, and taking a trip to the Calgary Zoo.
Edmonton is a vibrant city in northern Alberta, known for its rich cultural heritage and exciting attractions. It is home to many museums, galleries, and theaters, as well as some of the best shopping and dining in the region. Some of the top things to do in Edmonton include visiting the West Edmonton Mall, exploring the Royal Alberta Museum, and taking a stroll through the River Valley.
Montreal is a beautiful city in eastern Canada, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning architecture. It is home to many museums, galleries, and theaters, as well as some of the best shopping and dining in the region. Some of the top attractions in Montreal include Old Montreal, the Montreal Botanical Garden, and the Notre-Dame Basilica.
Canada has two official languages, English and French, and is officially a bilingual country. English is the most widely spoken language in Canada, with approximately 58% of the population speaking it as their mother tongue. French is the second most widely spoken language, with approximately 22% of the population speaking it as their mother tongue.
In addition to English and French, there are many other languages spoken in Canada due to the country’s rich cultural diversity. According to the 2016 census, over 7 million people in Canada speak a language other than English or French at home. Some of the most commonly spoken non-official languages in Canada include Mandarin, Cantonese, Punjabi, Spanish, and Italian.
The Canadian government recognizes the importance of preserving and promoting Indigenous languages, many of which are endangered. There are over 70 Indigenous languages spoken in Canada, with the most widely spoken being Cree, Inuktitut, and Ojibwe. The government has implemented various initiatives to support the revitalization of Indigenous languages, including funding for language programs and the creation of an Indigenous Languages Act.
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The country is divided into ten provinces and three territories, each with its own government. The federal government has jurisdiction over areas of national importance, such as foreign affairs, national defense, and international trade.
The Canadian Federation was established on July 1, 1867, when the British North America Act was passed by the British Parliament. This act united the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a single country. Since then, six more provinces and three territories have been added to the federation.
The Canadian Constitution outlines the powers and responsibilities of both the federal and provincial governments. The federal government has the power to make laws in areas of national importance, while the provinces have jurisdiction over many areas of daily life, such as education, healthcare, and natural resources.
One unique feature of the Canadian Federation is the division of powers between the federal and provincial governments. This division is enshrined in the Constitution and is intended to ensure that each level of government has the power to govern in its own area of expertise.
In conclusion, Canada shares its land borders with only one country, the United States of America. It also has maritime borders with the French overseas territories of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and the Danish autonomous territory of Greenland.
While Canada may not have many neighboring countries, it is still the second-largest country in the world and has a diverse population of over 38 million people. The country is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories, each with its own unique culture and geography. Overall, Canada’s borders may be limited, but its vast size and diverse population make it a unique and fascinating country to explore.