10 Poorest States In Nigeria 2019 (Official List)

Nigeria is a country blessed with mineral resources and is made up of 36 states. These states are meant to be productive based on their available natural resources, and are meant to have a strong and honest government capable of managing these natural resources to generate its revenue.

poorest states in nigeria

But the reverse is the case as some states are down to poverty by 70 percent. However, these poor states in Nigeria became poor due to bad governance, mismanagement of state resources or security issues as the case may be.

We have listed the poorest states in the country according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, using infrastructural development, state of economy, literacy level, security and governance to compile this list of 10 poorest states in Nigeria this 2018.

Top Ten (10) Poorest States in Nigeria 2019

1. Sokoto state

Sokoto state is rated as the poorest state in Nigeria, ranking 81.2% on poverty level. Its harsh climate conditions has made its a no go area and has prevented foreigners and foreign investors to come for investment in the state. It is also the seat of the Caliphate.

2. Kastina state

Located at the deepest part of the north western area of Nigeria, Kastina state made it in the list of poorest states in Nigeria because it has fewer or no solid investment or sector that generates revenue for the state.

3. Adamawa state

Due to the frequent attack from Boko Haram terrorists, Adamawa state’s economy has crippled as a result of its citizens running away from the state because of safety. It has affected the state poorly to a poverty level of 74.2%.


4. Gombe state

Gombe state which is located at the north-eastern part of Nigeria is also facing its own peril in security with crippled economy to a 73.2% poverty level.

5. Jigawa state

A state situated at the north-western part of Nigeria and basically populated with the Hausa/Fulani tribe. With low literacy level and low economic growth, the poverty level of Jigawa state is at 72.1%.

6. Plateau state

Although, plateau state is one of the highest populated state in Nigeria and has some tourist attractions, It has also suffered a long timely tribal conflict which has carelessly destroyed its economy by 71%

7. Ebonyi state

Unfortunately this is the only state in the South-East that falls under the top poorest states in Nigeria with poverty rate of 70.6% due to poverty, illiteracy and bad government.

8. Bauchi state

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, Bauchi was ranked among states that are poor.

Statistics shows that majority of the residents in this area lack the basic amenities of life and it is a war torn zone. The mortality rate recorded after the various insurgent attack is overwhelming.

9. Kebbi state

Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria. Its capital is Birnin Kebbi. The state also listed among the 10 states that have the highest poverty rate in the country. Its rating is 72%.

10. Zamfara state

With 70.8 percent poverty rate, Zamfara has been ranked by the NBS among the poorest states in the country 2019. Strife, disease and hunger affects the residents of this state a lot.


Wrapping up

A lot has been said above concerning these states, from bad government to negligence, lack of jobs which causes unemployment, poverty, etc. We wonder how these affected states will fare in the future.

Niger has been ranked the state with the lowest poverty rate, closely followed by Osun state with 37.9 percent and Ondo 45.7 percent. Bayelsa and Lagos both have less than 50 percent poverty rate, with 47 and 48.6 percent respectively.


The Author

Jide Adeyoye Franklin

Jide is a prolific writer, researcher and a certified author on Nigerian Infopedia. He is a very experienced tech personality with knowledge in SEO and current trends online.


Add a Comment
  1. Matthew A, Attah

    Plateau State should not be on that list at all. A home to two major Nigerian companies, a major source of Agric produce such irish potatoe etc. What are the indices for your claim

    1. chinedu

      tel me were lalong is leadin plateau to pls if not for plasteau tribalism

  2. mudee bala

    The writer is sentimental and irrational by saying the present of Ebonyi among the list was unfortunate. Does that mean the present of all the northern state is fortunate?

  3. kings

    Akwa ibom is my dear state and am proud to come from there pls help me to tell d poor and handicap nothern state to give us biafra before the wroth of God will fall on you

    1. Basman

      Then I don’t think you are from Akwa Ibom.

      1. Etarigho Benjamin

        I agree with Basman, you are definitely not from Akwa Ibom state…proudly SOUTH SOUTH.

        1. Uti Temple

          Why don’t you think he is from Akwa Ibom. Stop this SOUTH SOUTH nonsense, it’s only Ijaws that like mentioning South South because they are the biggest tribe there. Proudly Delta Proudly Biafran.

  4. Chinedu james

    Due to bad pass government in ebonyi, make illiterate so high but that does not make us among the poor state. We feed well we are farmer.

  5. Zeribe

    I am from EBONYI, I admit that we are the least compared to the other 5 SE states, but some bloggers analysis lik u personally z based on the past statistics when we were still economically, socially n politically marginalized in the old Anambra and Enugu states b4 d creation of EBONYI in 1996 by Sani, Abacha, God bless him, even though others wish him evil.
    Immediately after d creation of the state, free n compulsory edu was declared in pri n sec schools, state university [EBSU] established which over 80% of the students are indigenes, we hv fed poly, fed univ n state college of edu, we are no more the Abakaliki of 1980s/1990s, take a trip to EBONYI n see things 4 urself, we hv only 13, go to the LG headquarters n search 2ru the bursary books n see students documentation,u will be astonished at what u will see,I am not exaggerating , our literacy n infrastructural level hv improved within the last 15yrs,we re good farmers, we produce over 90% of our foods and still sell out the excess Harvest and we will not relent until we get there!, #In sha Allah.
    though I welcome this kind of research bc it charges us to work harder and calls for all n sundry to put hand on the deck to develop our dear state.

  6. HeartBeat

    My prayer is that, all d state in Nigeria will be rich and good governance will sure face in Jesus name Amen…..God bless Abia state n Nigeria as well.

  7. Dennis

    These areas might being having a tough time in Nigeria now. However, I hope that they can develop by starting businesses and expanding economically.

  8. Chukwu Ogbonnia Bethel

    I can never subscribe to that statistics, that Ebonyi is among the seven poorest state in nigeria.

    1. Daniel

      When you hear the truth don’t argue.

      1. Cletus

        There are other indices to consider like literacy level and the likes, well, is a challenge for such state to look inward and forge ahead, overtaking is allow

  9. Muhammad A Shehu

    Despite the current situation of security challenges Maiduguri is maintaining it levels of diginity. Thank God I’m original indigen of Borno State.

  10. sommie

    even tho I’m not from ebonyi but if u come thr them go feed u,they are d best in agriculture

    1. Lanem Samuel

      Not best my dear. are they food basket of the nation?
      take note:

  11. Fredsmith

    it very obvious that a state like jos is included so if i may ask,what quality of instracture a state should obtain in other to abscond poor?


    where on earth did you collected your datas

  13. udeme udoh

    What are the actions taken to eradicate this mess from these states?

  14. Gabriel Okoye

    this is a blunt lie with no truth in it, Oyo State should be in the position of Ebonyi

    1. Uti Temple

      I agree with you

  15. Bliss

    Ebonyi can never be rate as one of the poorest state in Nigeria, please retake you data and repost. Although we pray for all the state to be rich if all the state is rich they won’t have been conflict in Nigeria at least they would have be paying all the children salary but now the government is not paying the workers well left alone the children

  16. Sani Nasir

    Am not satisfied by the investigation that northern States were the poorest

  17. Lanem Samuel

    There is no dubt about the 7 poorest state in Nigeria. thank you mr producer

  18. Dwayne

    Cross River is my best state and i am very happy to come from there, I am also proud to say that Cross River is among the richest States in Nigeria.

  19. mo'Ali

    I doubt this report alot.

  20. Robinson

    Only ebony is the eastern state here…..hmmmm…hope ur mind is talling u something positive

  21. Sadiq

    This report is obviously bias most of these state you mention are farming like jigawa and Katsina so please which indexes was used to categorised them as poor.

  22. David Daniel

    Well the rating of the poorest states are not based on Agricultures or industries, but that states GDP(Gross Domestic Product) that’s why as Youth we have alot of work to do…with out minds and see how we can boost the economy of our states…. and one of the way you can build your economy is by skill acquisition and Entrepreneur Development and you also will need network of people from different states to move your states forward…If you are genuine and you want to make a difference in your state, lets reason together and make a difference. Thanks

  23. Tunji

    No States in Nigeria can be proud of not being poor. Even States with good industrialisation before, have not been finding things easy. All industries are getting moribund. If you know the amount of money stacked abroad by our so called politicians and former military leaders, you will pity this country. Ranking or no ranking, the country is poor generally. Why are we fighting for leadership in being poor? Is it an Achievement to be poor?

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